The National Tile Museum, National Azulejo Museum

The National Tile Museum, National Azulejo Museum

The National Azulejo Museum (Portuguese: Museu Nacional do Azulejo) is a national museum in Lisbon, Portugal, dedicated to the azulejo. The museum is also referred to as The National Tile Museum. The National Tile Museum was established in 1965 and became a National Museum in 1980. It is located in the former Convent of Madre Deus, founded by Queen D. Leonor in 1509. The […]

Lisbon and The Crisis of 1383-1385

Lisbon and The Crisis of 1383-1385

A new chapter in the history of Lisbon was written with the social revolution of the 1383-1385 Crisis. This was a time of civil war in Portugal when no crowned king reigned. It began when King Ferdinand I of Portugal died without male heirs, and his kingdom ostensibly passed to the King of Castile, John […]

Lisbon Medieval Christian

Lisbon Medieval Christian

Afonso I granted Lisbon a Foral in 1179, and tried to restore the city’s commercial connections by inaugurating a major new fair or market. Consequently, the Portuguese merchants, Christian and Jewish, not only reestablished some of the old trade links of al-Us̲h̲būna with Seville and Cádiz, and in the Mediterranean with Constantinople, but also opened […]

The Conquest of Lisbon

The Conquest of Lisbon

Internal dissensions eventually divided the loyalties of the kingdoms in al-Andalus of the 11th century; the collapse of the Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031 led to a period of smaller successor states (taifas), while the Kingdom of León lying directly to the north was ceded the county of Portugal. The history of the county is […]

Lisbon, mistress of the seas

Lisbon, mistress of the seas

The prosperity of Lisbon was threatened when the Ottoman Empire invaded and conquered the Arab territories of North Africa, Egypt and the Middle East in the 15th century. The Turks were initially hostile to the interests of Lisbon and its allies in Venice and Genoa; consequently the trade in spices, gold, ivory and other goods […]

Earthquake of 1755 and Pombaline era

Earthquake of 1755 and Pombaline era

A new era began in Lisbon on 1 November 1755, All Saints Day, when a devastating earthquake, one of the most powerful in recorded history, destroyed two thirds of the city. The first shock struck at 9:40 a.m., followed by another tremor at 10:00 a.m., and a third at noon. Many persons rushed to those […]

Monument to the Discoveries, Padrão dos Descobrimentos

Monument to the Discoveries, Padrão dos Descobrimentos

Padrão dos Descobrimentos, Monument to the Discoveries is a monument on the northern bank of the Tagus River estuary, in the civil parish of Santa Maria de Belém, Lisbon. Located along the river where ships departed to explore and trade with India and Orient, the monument celebrates the Portuguese Age of Discovery (or Age of Exploration) […]

Lisbon 1505

Lisbon 1505

A 16th century illuminated manuscript of Lisbon, in the Crónica de D. Afonso Henriques by Duarte Galvao, depicting the castle and walls, including the Royal Palace (Alcáçova) (1505)

The São Jorge Castle, Castelo de São Jorge

The São Jorge Castle, Castelo de São Jorge

The São Jorge Castle is a Moorish castle occupying a commanding hilltop overlooking the historic centre of the Portuguese city of Lisbon and Tagus River. The strongly fortified citadel dates from medieval period of Portuguese history, and is one of the main tourist sites of Lisbon. Although the first fortifications on this hilltop date to […]

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